Expensive Green Infrastructure Retrofits Unaffordable for Ontario Road Network - Low Impact Development's Financial Impact is Staggering

low impact development cost Ontario
Ontario urban areas requiring LID retrofits with proposed
 MOECC policy on volume control for stormwater runoff
Get ready for municipal and provincial tax increases to pay for a new proposed green initiative in Ontario.

A previous post estimated the cost of proposed 'greening' policies in Ontario, specifically to retrofit the province with low impact development, LID, green infrastructure. The previous cost was determined considering urban areas defined in Ontario GIS datasets. The cost was $332 billion dollars considering a unit retrofit cost of $390,000 per hectare (10,000 sq.m) of catchment draining to each retrofit LID feature, which averages unit costs of completed projects as well as literature values for other LID technologies. The total cost considered 852,045 hectares of urban land in Ontario municipalities that does not have LID servicing according to high volume control targets proposed in draft MOECC LID guidance. But that cost excluded LID road retrofits in areas outside Ontario municipal boundaries. That old cost sounds like a bargain if we now add in the costs for roads outside municipalities! 


GI LID cost Ontario
Ontario roadway network requiring GI green infrastructure retrofits with
proposed MOECC policy on volumetric controls for urban runoff / recharge
A new cost estimate based on Ontario's road network mapping and an awarded construction tender cost in York Region shows an even higher, unaffordable cost for low impact development, green infrastructure retrofits. The cost is $376 billion dollars with a $258 billion dollar cost for municipal roads and $118 billion dollars for roads outside municipalities. That total costs considers 278,307,020 kilometres of roadway in Ontario and a green infrastructure additional costs of $1.35 million per kilometre of LID retrofitted roadway. Roadways outside municipalities have a length of 87,203,550, according to GIS datasets available from the province.

Why look at Ontario roadways as the basis for assessing green infrastructure retrofits? Because the proposed Ontario policy for LID retrofits mandates the addition of this new infrastructure whenever a road is repaved or rebuilt and whenever new infrastructure is added (like a new sewer for flood control or a new watermain).

Here is the cost per each Ontario municipality for green road retrofits based on road lengths from Ontario GIS sources and the $1.35 million per kilometre unit retrofit cost:

Low Impact Development LID /
Green Infrastructure Retrofit Cost
per Ontario Municipality
LEGALNAME1

Ontario Municipality 
per Open Data GIS Dataset
Roadway Length With

LID Retrofit Required
(metres)
Retrofit LID Cost at $1.35M Per Kilometre

(Green Road Cost)
City of Barrie 609211.75 $822,435,863
City of Belleville 511338.39 $690,306,827
City of Brampton 1970211.528 $2,659,785,563
City of Brantford 531107.503 $716,995,129
City of Brockville 146093.801 $197,226,631
City of Burlington 972684.596 $1,313,124,205
City of Cambridge 712912.156 $962,431,411
City of Clarence-Rockland 392040.939 $529,255,268
City of Cornwall 303512.987 $409,742,532
City of Dryden 180764.392 $244,031,929
City of Elliot Lake 394905.447 $533,122,353
City of Greater Sudbury 2693460.888 $3,636,172,199
City of Guelph 619596.026 $836,454,635
City of Hamilton 3542392.528 $4,782,229,913
City of Kawartha Lakes 3252603.987 $4,391,015,382
City of Kenora 362644.032 $489,569,443
City of Kingston 1094613.238 $1,477,727,871
City of Kitchener 1032717.523 $1,394,168,656
City of London 1990808.466 $2,687,591,429
City of Mississauga 2443271.925 $3,298,417,099
City of Niagara Falls 863326.67 $1,165,491,005
City of North Bay 673623.501 $909,391,726
City of Orillia 202702.678 $273,648,615
City of Oshawa 744481.595 $1,005,050,153
City of Ottawa 6990005.798 $9,436,507,827
City of Owen Sound 131376.175 $177,357,836
City of Pembroke 105894.431 $142,957,482
City of Peterborough 433936.725 $585,814,579
City of Pickering 647494.477 $874,117,544
City of Port Colborne 339912.941 $458,882,470
City of Prince Edward County 1123901.013 $1,517,266,368
City of Quinte West 862893.943 $1,164,906,823
City of Sarnia 622722.771 $840,675,741
City of Sault Ste. Marie 580594.497 $783,802,571
City of St. Catharines 797352.234 $1,076,425,516
City of St. Thomas 207006.43 $279,458,680
City of Stratford 186998.578 $252,448,080
City of Temiskaming Shores 309026.51 $417,185,788
City of Thorold 263606.99 $355,869,437
City of Thunder Bay 938653.173 $1,267,181,784
City of Timmins 863127.741 $1,165,222,450
City of Toronto 6657317.792 $8,987,379,019
City of Vaughan 1437527.578 $1,940,662,230
City of Waterloo 549894.14 $742,357,089
City of Welland 405113.246 $546,902,882
City of Windsor 1325026.504 $1,788,785,780
City of Woodstock 290832.431 $392,623,782
County of Brant 1360738.654 $1,836,997,183
Haldimand County 1544911.091 $2,085,629,973
Municipality of Arran-Elderslie 473630.036 $639,400,549
Municipality of Bayham 317616.616 $428,782,432
Municipality of Bluewater 526055.641 $710,175,115
Municipality of Brighton 342695.313 $462,638,673
Municipality of Brockton 587083.158 $792,562,263
Municipality of Brooke-Alvinston 313557.134 $423,302,131
Municipality of Callander 108899.059 $147,013,730
Municipality of Central Elgin 371697.958 $501,792,243
Municipality of Central Huron 548817.082 $740,903,061
Municipality of Centre Hastings 225959.657 $305,045,537
Municipality of Charlton and Dack 80220.698 $108,297,942
Municipality of Chatham-Kent 3637304.9 $4,910,361,615
Municipality of Clarington 1241185.755 $1,675,600,769
Municipality of Dutton/Dunwich 367777.33 $496,499,396
Municipality of French River 340502.493 $459,678,366
Municipality of Gordon / Barrie Island 186732.419 $252,088,766
Municipality of Greenstone 773001.1 $1,043,551,485
Municipality of Grey Highlands 876546.751 $1,183,338,114
Municipality of Hastings Highlands 745040.14 $1,005,804,189
Municipality of Highlands East 716014.551 $966,619,644
Municipality of Huron East 727266.639 $981,809,963
Municipality of Huron Shores 486565.585 $656,863,540
Municipality of Killarney 128569.832 $173,569,273
Municipality of Kincardine 636138.048 $858,786,365
Municipality of Lambton Shores 546814.48 $738,199,548
Municipality of Leamington 410712.656 $554,462,086
Municipality of Magnetawan 352908.348 $476,426,270
Municipality of Markstay-Warren 273184.478 $368,799,045
Municipality of Marmora and Lake 278156.36 $375,511,086
Municipality of McDougall 278164.957 $375,522,692
Municipality of Meaford 568453.205 $767,411,827
Municipality of Middlesex Centre 799312.314 $1,079,071,624
Municipality of Morris-Turnberry 359703.452 $485,599,660
Municipality of Neebing 566143.4 $764,293,590
Municipality of North Grenville 518411.883 $699,856,042
Municipality of North Middlesex 635555.6 $858,000,060
Municipality of North Perth 543091.778 $733,173,900
Municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula 587259.546 $792,800,387
Municipality of Oliver Paipoonge 367118.28 $495,609,678
Municipality of Port Hope 438825.219 $592,414,046
Municipality of Powassan 199408.819 $269,201,906
Municipality of Red Lake 157031.392 $211,992,379
Municipality of Shuniah 401885.724 $542,545,727
Municipality of Sioux Lookout 244535.551 $330,122,994
Municipality of South Bruce 503807.529 $680,140,164
Municipality of South Huron 478854.274 $646,453,270
Municipality of Southwest Middlesex 536734.657 $724,591,787
Municipality of St.-Charles 127228.602 $171,758,613
Municipality of Temagami 1884132.957 $2,543,579,492
Municipality of Thames Centre 557452.228 $752,560,508
Municipality of the Nation 666833.16 $900,224,766
Municipality of Trent Hills 684788.245 $924,464,131
Municipality of Tweed 516288.753 $696,989,817
Municipality of Wawa 138464.435 $186,926,987
Municipality of West Elgin 411372.456 $555,352,816
Municipality of West Grey 910801.499 $1,229,582,024
Municipality of West Nipissing 1980866.136 $2,674,169,284
Municipality of West Perth 635020.33 $857,277,445
Municipality of Whitestone 328691.713 $443,733,813
Norfolk County 2147169.561 $2,898,678,907
Town of Ajax 464279.651 $626,777,529
Town of Amherstburg 325249.136 $439,086,334
Town of Arnprior 79360.952 $107,137,285
Town of Aurora 269299.074 $363,553,750
Town of Aylmer 42152.021 $56,905,228
Town of Bancroft 207944.632 $280,725,253
Town of Blind River 258574.508 $349,075,586
Town of Bracebridge 675275.312 $911,621,671
Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury 365127.572 $492,922,222
Town of Bruce Mines 20364.997 $27,492,746
Town of Caledon 1071922.44 $1,447,095,294
Town of Carleton Place 66024.627 $89,133,246
Town of Cobalt 16076.321 $21,703,033
Town of Cobourg 145245.652 $196,081,630
Town of Cochrane 299050.764 $403,718,531
Town of Collingwood 184447.122 $249,003,615
Town of Deep River 110191.63 $148,758,700
Town of Deseronto 15718.621 $21,220,138
Town of East Gwillimbury 408145.785 $550,996,810
Town of Englehart 16809.68 $22,693,068
Town of Erin 364205.649 $491,677,626
Town of Espanola 97189.573 $131,205,924
Town of Essex 452002.584 $610,203,488
Town of Fort Erie 589570.242 $795,919,827
Town of Fort Frances 85080.966 $114,859,304
Town of Gananoque 46461.681 $62,723,269
Town of Georgina 579886.843 $782,847,238
Town of Goderich 72756.121 $98,220,763
Town of Gore Bay 19487.885 $26,308,645
Town of Gravenhurst 733781.335 $990,604,802
Town of Greater Napanee 511466.933 $690,480,360
Town of Grimsby 251820.813 $339,958,098
Town of Halton Hills 531445.601 $717,451,561
Town of Hanover 53897.404 $72,761,495
Town of Hawkesbury 58832.159 $79,423,415
Town of Hearst 99949.439 $134,931,743
Town of Huntsville 821582.761 $1,109,136,727
Town of Ingersoll 85720.272 $115,722,367
Town of Innisfil 573651.096 $774,428,980
Town of Iroquois Falls 295127.011 $398,421,465
Town of Kapuskasing 123221.579 $166,349,132
Town of Kearney 533097.986 $719,682,281
Town of Kingsville 446498.878 $602,773,485
Town of Kirkland Lake 95204.891 $128,526,603
Town of Lakeshore 905414.526 $1,222,309,610
Town of Lasalle 220848.528 $298,145,513
Town of Latchford 157348.309 $212,420,217
Town of Laurentian Hills 1107806.058 $1,495,538,178
Town of Lincoln 450686.8 $608,427,180
Town of Marathon 77083.984 $104,063,378
Town of Markham 1397425.979 $1,886,525,072
Town of Mattawa 27509.98 $37,138,473
Town of Midland 149073.214 $201,248,839
Town of Milton 836239.235 $1,128,922,967
Town of Minto 323938.9 $437,317,515
Town of Mississippi Mills 491706.164 $663,803,321
Town of Mono 346690.541 $468,032,230
Town of Moosonee 61657.614 $83,237,779
Town of New Tecumseth 422609.534 $570,522,871
Town of Newmarket 314408.47 $424,451,435
Town of Niagara-on-the-Lake 395114.46 $533,404,521
Town of Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands 283205.93 $382,328,006
Town of Oakville 982334.902 $1,326,152,118
Town of Orangeville 126976.695 $171,418,538
Town of Parry Sound 64337.777 $86,855,999
Town of Pelham 288845.968 $389,942,057
Town of Penetanguishene 102355.421 $138,179,818
Town of Perth 48111.989 $64,951,185
Town of Petawawa 311887.38 $421,047,963
Town of Petrolia 48165.789 $65,023,815
Town of Plympton-Wyoming 408769.281 $551,838,529
Town of Prescott 38686.203 $52,226,374
Town of Rainy River 17209.322 $23,232,585
Town of Renfrew 69354.518 $93,628,599
Town of Richmond Hill 688323.893 $929,237,256
Town of Saugeen Shores 306747.783 $414,109,507
Town of Shelburne 35743.102 $48,253,188
Town of Smiths Falls 68365.875 $92,293,931
Town of Smooth Rock Falls 79871.583 $107,826,637
Town of South Bruce Peninsula 586613.57 $791,928,319
Town of Spanish 47908.552 $64,676,545
Town of St. Marys 59296.848 $80,050,745
Town of Tecumseh 281423.843 $379,922,188
Town of the Blue Mountains 371581.89 $501,635,552
Town of Thessalon 25209.716 $34,033,117
Town of Tillsonburg 131618.723 $177,685,276
Town of Wasaga Beach 268670.559 $362,705,255
Town of Whitby 674167.595 $910,126,253
Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville 466689.699 $630,031,094
Township of Addington Highlands 591316.843 $798,277,738
Township of Adelaide-Metcalfe 360395.038 $486,533,301
Township of Adjala-Tosorontio 412807.018 $557,289,474
Township of Admaston/Bromley 428521.518 $578,504,049
Township of Alberton 82158.406 $110,913,848
Township of Alfred and Plantagenet 410060.47 $553,581,635
Township of Algonquin Highlands 1001759.859 $1,352,375,810
Township of Alnwick/Haldimand 533661.735 $720,443,342
Township of Amaranth 299053.848 $403,722,695
Township of Armour 195124.622 $263,418,240
Township of Armstrong 87254.96 $117,794,196
Township of Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh 625708.955 $844,707,089
Township of Asphodel-Norwood 207208.151 $279,731,004
Township of Assiginack 184054.954 $248,474,188
Township of Athens 122669.414 $165,603,709
Township of Atikokan 210339.319 $283,958,081
Township of Augusta 332621.746 $449,039,357
Township of Baldwin 42295.904 $57,099,470
Township of Beckwith 276789.592 $373,665,949
Township of Billings 174653.773 $235,782,594
Township of Black River-Matheson 511572.46 $690,622,821
Township of Blandford-Blenheim 466096.319 $629,230,031
Township of Bonfield 224340.81 $302,860,093
Township of Bonnechere Valley 568149.944 $767,002,424
Township of Brethour 48856.465 $65,956,228
Township of Brock 526774.919 $711,146,141
Township of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan 831333.656 $1,122,300,436
Township of Burpee and Mills 115289.638 $155,641,011
Township of Calvin 152558.53 $205,954,015
Township of Carling 213345.777 $288,016,799
Township of Carlow/Mayo 224345.236 $302,866,069
Township of Casey 72437.905 $97,791,172
Township of Cavan-Monaghan 385797.411 $520,826,505
Township of Central Frontenac 695205.884 $938,527,943
Township of Central Manitoulin 361506.578 $488,033,880
Township of Centre Wellington 619625.378 $836,494,260
Township of Chamberlain 87018.941 $117,475,570
Township of Champlain 228098.586 $307,933,091
Township of Chapleau 29081.644 $39,260,219
Township of Chapple 311635.629 $420,708,099
Township of Chatsworth 601718.275 $812,319,671
Township of Chisholm 206489.366 $278,760,644
Township of Clearview 629191.652 $849,408,730
Township of Coleman 181722.915 $245,325,935
Township of Conmee 126593.165 $170,900,773
Township of Cramahe 309178.344 $417,390,764
Township of Dawn-Euphemia 522805.062 $705,786,834
Township of Dawson 237410.684 $320,504,423
Township of Dorion 191073.903 $257,949,769
Township of Douro-Dummer 430814.376 $581,599,408
Township of Drummond/North Elmsley 406955.991 $549,390,588
Township of Dubreuilville 80899.864 $109,214,816
Township of Ear Falls 133729.338 $180,534,606
Township of East Ferris 191300.404 $258,255,545
Township of East Garafraxa 195402.812 $263,793,796
Township of East Hawkesbury 259167.931 $349,876,707
Township of East Luther Grand Valley 163781.414 $221,104,909
Township of East Zorra-Tavistock 281994.21 $380,692,183
Township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal 373730.18 $504,535,743
Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley 541706.306 $731,303,513
Township of Emo 133270.426 $179,915,075
Township of Enniskillen 320615.56 $432,831,006
Township of Essa 341697.212 $461,291,236
Township of Evanturel 84821.571 $114,509,121
Township of Faraday 182460.043 $246,321,058
Township of Fauquier-Strickland 346889.692 $468,301,084
Township of Front of Yonge 155914.801 $210,484,981
Township of Frontenac Islands 223025.36 $301,084,236
Township of Galway-Cavendish and Harvey 668382.213 $902,315,988
Township of Gauthier 36240.843 $48,925,138
Township of Georgian Bay 1138404.474 $1,536,846,040
Township of Georgian Bluffs 565633.703 $763,605,499
Township of Gillies 80726.11 $108,980,249
Township of Greater Madawaska 1096522.321 $1,480,305,133
Township of Guelph/Eramosa 348024.638 $469,833,261
Township of Hamilton 413236.447 $557,869,203
Township of Harley 93682.365 $126,471,193
Township of Harris 67468.497 $91,082,471
Township of Havelock-Belmont-Methuen 492837.956 $665,331,241
Township of Head, Clara and Maria 1100836.108 $1,486,128,746
Township of Hilliard 71298.048 $96,252,365
Township of Hilton 134205.645 $181,177,621
Township of Hornepayne 67535.621 $91,173,088
Township of Horton 183048.22 $247,115,097
Township of Howick 323191.264 $436,308,206
Township of Hudson 114012.68 $153,917,118
Township of Huron-Kinloss 510866.435 $689,669,687
Township of Ignace 53726.418 $72,530,664
Township of James 38561.013 $52,057,368
Township of Jocelyn 138472.153 $186,937,407
Township of Johnson 129152.633 $174,356,055
Township of Joly 138926.603 $187,550,914
Township of Kerns 72252.459 $97,540,820
Township of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards 419923.023 $566,896,081
Township of King 511603.128 $690,664,223
Township of La Vallee 161565.322 $218,113,185
Township of Laird 129711.819 $175,110,956
Township of Lake of Bays 706825.761 $954,214,777
Township of Lake of the Woods 168147.366 $226,998,944
Township of Lanark Highlands 730141.745 $985,691,356
Township of Larder Lake 54658.155 $73,788,509
Township of Laurentian Valley 631360.54 $852,336,729
Township of Leeds and the Thousand Islands 709493.998 $957,816,897
Township of Limerick 158475.284 $213,941,633
Township of Loyalist 419060.734 $565,731,991
Township of Lucan Biddulph 179608.308 $242,471,216
Township of Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional 148981.378 $201,124,860
Township of Machar 163695.145 $220,988,446
Township of Machin 263325.06 $355,488,831
Township of Madawaska Valley 877412.68 $1,184,507,118
Township of Madoc 219539.625 $296,378,494
Township of Malahide 437657.466 $590,837,579
Township of Manitouwadge 57177.357 $77,189,432
Township of Mapleton 560984.13 $757,328,575
Township of Matachewan 103072.967 $139,148,505
Township of Mattawan 344897.423 $465,611,521
Township of Mattice-Val Côté 95378.273 $128,760,669
Township of McGarry 33570.823 $45,320,611
Township of McKellar 139461.414 $188,272,909
Township of McMurrich-Monteith 149589.032 $201,945,193
Township of McNab/Braeside 319334.617 $431,101,733
Township of Melancthon 333520.671 $450,252,906
Township of Minden Hills 779964.122 $1,052,951,565
Township of Montague 223674.913 $301,961,133
Township of Moonbeam 133002.408 $179,553,251
Township of Morley 216959.676 $292,895,563
Township of Mulmur 299503.381 $404,329,564
Township of Muskoka Lakes 1161698.953 $1,568,293,587
Township of Nairn and Hyman 74891.495 $101,103,518
Township of Nipigon 60340.843 $81,460,138
Township of Nipissing 212188.627 $286,454,646
Township of North Algona Wilberforce 381456.138 $514,965,786
Township of North Dumfries 289747.239 $391,158,773
Township of North Dundas 547013.455 $738,468,164
Township of North Frontenac 672059.243 $907,279,978
Township of North Glengarry 613801.404 $828,631,895
Township of North Huron 213074.403 $287,650,444
Township of North Kawartha 529539.749 $714,878,661
Township of North Stormont 480349.235 $648,471,467
Township of Norwich 548449.737 $740,407,145
Township of O'Connor 86238.645 $116,422,171
Township of Opasatika 67522.379 $91,155,212
Township of Oro-Medonte 874662.256 $1,180,794,046
Township of Otonabee-South Monaghan 425364.485 $574,242,055
Township of Papineau-Cameron 885874.698 $1,195,930,842
Township of Pelee 69418.636 $93,715,159
Township of Perry 222366.071 $300,194,196
Township of Perth East 729113.274 $984,302,920
Township of Perth South 371548.972 $501,591,112
Township of Pickle Lake 122105.951 $164,843,034
Township of Plummer Additional 200011.721 $270,015,823
Township of Prince 50140.005 $67,689,007
Township of Puslinch 340140.103 $459,189,139
Township of Ramara 487067.132 $657,540,628
Township of Red Rock 32506.443 $43,883,698
Township of Rideau Lakes 951878.09 $1,285,035,422
Township of Russell 284287.986 $383,788,781
Township of Ryerson 123051.135 $166,119,032
Township of Sables-Spanish Rivers 377357.127 $509,432,121
Township of Schreiber 22597.321 $30,506,383
Township of Scugog 602260.906 $813,052,223
Township of Seguin 671234.044 $906,165,959
Township of Severn 812368.461 $1,096,697,422
Township of Sioux Narrows-Nestor Falls 405012.076 $546,766,303
Township of Smith-Ennismore-Lakefield 538607.327 $727,119,891
Township of South-West Oxford 446958.837 $603,394,430
Township of South Algonquin 1019119.914 $1,375,811,884
Township of South Dundas 634243.59 $856,228,847
Township of South Frontenac 1063377.171 $1,435,559,181
Township of South Glengarry 686396.357 $926,635,082
Township of South Stormont 542344.264 $732,164,756
Township of Southgate 611738.5 $825,846,975
Township of Southwold 370682.321 $500,421,133
Township of Springwater 642081.943 $866,810,623
Township of St. Clair 733226.746 $989,856,107
Township of St. Joseph 188945.745 $255,076,756
Township of Stirling-Rawdon 282663.086 $381,595,166
Township of Stone Mills 565690.305 $763,681,912
Township of Strathroy-Caradoc 453458.052 $612,168,370
Township of Strong 213603.785 $288,365,110
Township of Tarbutt and Tarbutt Additional 69658.612 $94,039,126
Township of Tay 275816.685 $372,352,525
Township of Tay Valley 635624.736 $858,093,394
Township of Tehkummah 92425.55 $124,774,493
Township of Terrace Bay 75824.959 $102,363,695
Township of the Archipelago 338958.622 $457,594,140
Township of the North Shore 125531.685 $169,467,775
Township of Tiny 527800.318 $712,530,429
Township of Tudor and Cashel 200594.785 $270,802,960
Township of Tyendinaga 318107.995 $429,445,793
Township of Uxbridge 472508.995 $637,887,143
Township of Val Rita-Harty 98061.395 $132,382,883
Township of Wainfleet 365592.281 $493,549,579
Township of Warwick 329161.013 $444,367,368
Township of Wellesley 306139.172 $413,287,882
Township of Wellington North 522294.311 $705,097,320
Township of West Lincoln 510034.714 $688,546,864
Township of White River 57307.86 $77,365,611
Township of Whitewater Region 593988.5 $801,884,475
Township of Wilmot 405100.184 $546,885,248
Township of Wollaston 137561.126 $185,707,520
Township of Woolwich 499580.27 $674,433,365
Township of Zorra 629535.545 $849,872,986
United Townships of Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt, Guilford, Harburn, Bruton, Havelock, Eyre and Clyde 982302.439 $1,326,108,293
Village of Burk's Falls 15935.807 $21,513,339
Village of Casselman 32924.076 $44,447,503
Village of Hilton Beach 9417.124 $12,713,117
Village of Merrickville-Wolford 165185.505 $223,000,432
Village of Newbury 8292.416 $11,194,762
Village of Oil Springs 17105.186 $23,092,001
Village of Point Edward 34901.939 $47,117,618
Village of South River 18602.01 $25,112,713
Village of Sundridge 15806.683 $21,339,022
Village of Thornloe 8806.679 $11,889,017
Village of Westport 8501.531 $11,477,067
Ontario             87,203,550.00 $117,724,792,500

Total
                278,307,020 km
$ 375,714,476,425

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